Core Competencies (5 Academic Pillars)

DRLA Core Competencies Five Academic Pillars (2016)

Core Competencies: Human and Social Factors Pillar

  • Outline terminology relevant to the field of disaster resilience leadership (DRL) as it pertains to human and social factors
  • Understand and apply relevant global, national and state policies and legislation in the field of disaster resilience
  • Discuss critically the ethical considerations in disaster work (social justice, human dignity, anti-oppressive)
  • Describe, explain and apply human and social theories for DRL (Eco-systemic; structural functionalism, social capital, conservation of resources and progression of vulnerability)
  • Discuss critically the disaster recovery process of the individual exposed to disasters as a life event from a multi-dimensional approach
  • Evaluate the dynamics within the family/household affected by disasters and disaster recovery
  • Outline and explain the role of the media and social media in DRL
  • Plan intervention programs within the context of the disaster management cycle
  • Plan disaster-related crisis and stress management programs that promote resilience
  • Identify the psychosocial needs of specific populations (vulnerable populations, e.g. children, the aged, animal owners, people with disabilities, poorest of the poor, HIV/AIDS, etc.)
  • Understand and explain disaster research

Core Competencies: Economics of Disaster Pillar

  • Microeconomic theory of individual decision-making
  • Intertemporal choice
  • The discount rate and the rate of interest
  • Present and future value, present discounted value, net present value
  • Cost/benefit analysis, the internal rate of return, project evaluation,
  • Uncertainty and Knightian uncertainty
  • Relative risk-aversion as an implication of decreasing marginal utility, risk-aversion and risk-spreading as the foundation of private insurance markets
  • Feasible commercial boundaries of private insurance, Re insurance, market failure, reasons for private insurance markets failure in disasters
  • Moral hazard and adverse selection, public insurance programs and problems
  • Fiscal federalism and disaster prevention versus disaster response
  • Public choice theory, the “politician’s dilemma” and political distortions in disaster spending,
  • Interpretation of multivariate regression analysis
  • Forecasting, global warming forecasts, estimates of global warming’s economic impact
  • Economic and political determinants of differential global disaster impact
  • Economic definition of disaster recovery and disaster resilience
  • Global econometric evidence of the determinants of disaster resilience

Core Competencies: Environment and Infrastructure Pillar

  • To understand and evaluate the risks that natural and technological disasters pose to the human environment
  • To understand and evaluate the ways that land use, resource use, and environmental policy affect the risks posed by natural and technological disasters
  • To understand and assess the ways in which the natural environment functions as a “public good,” providing a range of “services”—including protection from disaster-based harms—for human and non-human populations
  • To understand and assess the ways in which the built environment functions as a “public good,” providing a range of “services”—including protection from disaster-based harms—for human and non-human populations
  • To understand and evaluate the ways that climate change impacts affect disaster risk and how actors in the public and private sectors are seeking to reduce climate-change-based risks
  • To understand in general terms the history of the environmental movement, the development of modern environmental policy, and the development of modern disaster risk-reduction policy in the United States.
  • To understand how social vulnerability (based on factors related to wealth, race, age, sex, disability, education level, etc.) affects a community’s disaster risk in an environmental setting. To understand and evaluate ways that actors in the public and private sectors are addressing or might address the special risks posed by social vulnerability.
  • To understand and evaluate the ways that decision makers in the public and private sectors assess disaster risks in environmental settings and how they respond to or manage those risks, paying special attention to precautionary standards, cost-benefit analyses, and environmental impact assessments
  • To understand and evaluate the tools used in public policy to steer individual or group behavior so as to reduce disaster risk. (Such tools include regulatory prescriptions, economic incentives and penalties, market-based trading programs, and public persuasion)
  • To understand and evaluate the tools used in public policy to spread individually borne disaster risk among other members of society (Such tools include insurance mechanisms, government grant and compensation programs, and the state and federal tort systems)
  • To understand and evaluate public policies and private initiatives geared to helping communities recover from damage to the built and natural environment resulting from disaster
  • To understand and evaluate many of the issues raised above as they apply in a “place-based” context, with emphasis on New Orleans and the Gulf Coast
  • To understand and evaluate many of the issues raised above as they apply in a global context and in the context of other countries, with emphasis on the distinctive needs of poorer countries
  • To be able to synthesize many of the issues and concerns raised above so as to create a holistic view of disaster policy in the environmental context, from perspectives based in the social sciences, the natural sciences, engineering, law, and other disciplines

Core Competencies: Disaster Operations Pillar

  • Response Theory
  • Social, cultural, political, and historical elements
  • Organizational and practice theories of collaboration & coordination
  • Negotiation and conflict resolution
  • Information and Communications Technology (ICT) tools
  • Supply chain management and humanitarian logistics
  • Legal, political, and ethical issues
  • Protection framework
  • Disaster to development: long term implications and possibilities of disaster response
  • Leadership and management for Disaster Resilience Leadership
  • Major theoretical models of leadership and their application to Disaster Resilience
  • Role of leader characteristics in Disaster Resilience Leadership
  • Discuss role of disaster theories that shape Disaster Resilience Leadership
  • Organizational characteristics that affect decision making in Disaster Resilience Leadership
  • Advocacy

Core Competencies: Measurement and Evaluation Pillar

  • Application of disaster and resilience measures to program evaluation and humanitarian research efforts and situations
  • Use of data measures and tools that enhance disaster resilience knowledge
  • Use of structured and unstructured data in disasters and resilience applications
  • Application of data analysis techniques for summarizing, describing, analyzing, and interpreting data relevant to disaster resilience practice and research
  • Demonstration of quantitative data processing techniques relevant to disaster resilience practice and research
  • Use of theory and context to provide reasoned application of data sources to programs and research in disaster resilience
  • Use of contextually-appropriate methods and techniques for research and evaluation, with consideration for stakeholders, mission, and local priorities
  • Ability to contribute to programs and research through the application of evaluation science
  • Use of evaluation science to adapt future programming, improve operations, and influence policy
  • Apply ethical standards when working with diverse stakeholders in data, evaluation, and research contexts