Basic Principles of Teaching & Learning
LEARNINGAdults learn differently than children (see “Principles of Adult Learning” module). For effective & sustainable learning to occur, adults require:
- Both internal and external motivation to learn.
- An overall & ongoing sense of purpose and specific goals to direct learning towards.
- Relevant prior learning to connect the new learning with.
- An emotionally & intellectually supportive learning environment.
- Practice using the knowledge/skills being learned.
- Opportunity to develop self-directed and life-long learning skills.
- Constructive & targeted feedback to guide improvement.
- Opportunity to self-assess & self-correct.
- A sense of partnership in the process, and ownership of the learning.
TEACHINGTo teach adults effectively, there must be:
- Shaping of the curriculum delivery process based on learner characteristics & background.
- Alignment of the School of Medicine’s overall educational program goals, objectives and competencies with the course (general) and session (specific) objectives.
- Clearly stated learning & performance objectives and course requirements.
- Selection of the most essential information/skills to cover in a unit of instruction rather than trying to transmit all of the instructor’s learning to the student.
- A focus on facilitating the student’s own learning efforts, and accomplishing the stated objectives. This may require varying the teaching approaches depending on the objectives.
- Assessment of learning outcomes & reflection on ways to improve the process.