Tax Comparisons:


Pro-Parris Tax Anti-Parris Tax
Mean 10.88 Mean 15.14
Median 8.00 Median 11.25
Mode 7.00 Mode 7.00
Range 37.00 Range 54.00
Minimum 3.00 Minimum 4.00
Maximum 40.00 Maximum 58.00
Sum 566.00 Sum 545.00
Count 52.00 Count 36.00
Pro- and Anti-Parris Tax Rates 1695
Descriptive Statistics

Filtering the taxpayers into pro- and anti-Parris groups and using descriptive statistics, the 1695 results sharply contrast to the comparisons found in 1690, just prior to the witchcraft outbreak. The distinctions between the pro- and anti-Parris groups on the 1695 tax list explain why Boyer and Nissenbaum emphasized economic conflict between wealthier anti-Parris and poorer pro-Parris villagers as underlying the witch hunt.

The average (mean) tax assessment for the anti-Parris petitioners was not only considerably higher than that of the pro-Parris petitioners but, unlike 1690, the anti-Parris group's median assessment is also higher.  Both measures indicate the higher wealth of members of witchcraft's opponents. The evidence is even more compelling because it is based on a larger representation of petition signers than in 1690. Fifty-two pro-Parris petitioners are found on the 1695 tax list and thirty-six anti-Parris signers. This smaller group of anti-Parris taxpayers, however, was assessed nearly as much money as the larger pro-Parris contingent (see "Sum" in the descriptive statistics chart).

Users can also gain additional perspective on each faction's situation by comparing these findings with Salem Village as a whole.

We can also investigate the factional identity of wealthy and poor Salem Villagers in 1695. Click Next.