Salem Village Social Characteristics

Count of Church to 1696 Church to 1696    
Petition Church Non-Church Grand Total
Anti-P 8 32 40
NoS 1 43 44
Pro-P 25 28 53
Grand Total 34 103 137
Pivot Table of Salem Village Taxpayers

Using the Salem Village Data Set to construct a pivot table, select "PivotTable Report" from the Data Menu and click the "Range" button. Drag through the cells (include labels) of the "Petition" and "Church to 1696" columns. In the "Layout" window, drag the "Petition" icon to the "Row" field and the "Church to 1696" icon to the "Column" field. Drag another "Church to 1696" icon to the "Data" field where it should read "Count of Church to 1696" (if it does not, double-click the icon and select "Count").

The table shows that among Salem Villager's adult males (and the few women taxpayers), non-church members overwhelmingly outnumbered church members. Only 34 of the 137 villagers who paid tax in the period between 1690 and 1697 were church members. With roughly 25% of Salem Villagers being formal church members, the high percentage of church members on the pro-Parris petition is brought into sharper relief. The anti-Parris faction, with its preponderance of householders, was more representative of the village's non-member majority. Users can construct alternative pivot tables and make pie charts to highlight different relationships in the data.

The table also reveals the number of Salem Villagers who paid taxes but did not formally identify themselves with either the pro- or anti-Parris factions by signing the 1695 petitions. Indeed, since a number of anti-Parris petitioners were "young men" rather than adult taxpayers, there were more non-signing adult taxpayers than anti-Parris taxpayers. Failure to appear on either petition does not necessarily signify neutrality, but it suggests that many Salem Villagers were not strongly committed, particularly to Parris since all but one of these forty-four non-signers were householders. A pie chart graphically depicts the proportion of Salem Village taxpayers in each group.

Salem Village's factionalism, evident in the contrasting loyalties of its householders and church members, inevitably shaped its politics. Click Next.